Remote Sensing Investigation of Geological Hazards in Xingguo County, Jiangxi Province
E3S Web of Conferences
Xingguo County is located in the middle and low hilly mountainous areas. The area of the landslide, collapse and debris flow geological disasters is large. The sudden geological disasters such as landslides and mudslides caused by heavy rainfall are increasing year by year. This study mainly used high-altitude aerial imagery (0.5m) and Landsat 8 OLI satellite imagery covering Xingguo County as the data source, carried out remote sensing interpretation of geological environment background
... t background conditions and geological disasters in the whole area, and carried out on-site verification. At the same time, the correlation between the stratigraphic structure, topography and other factors in the study area and the spatial distribution characteristics of geological disaster points are discussed. The results show that: (1) based on remote sensing image interpretation of 377 geological disaster points; 83 landslide points, 229 hidden danger points, 17 collapse points, 26 hidden danger points, 1 hidden danger point, ground collapse point 1 At 20 places in the geological environment. (2) From the results of remote sensing interpretation, the types of geological disasters in the work area are mainly landslides and landslide hazards (including collapse type), and there are fewer collapses, collapses and debris flow hazards, and most landslide hazard points are unstable. (3) From the distribution of geological disasters, it is mainly within the scope of artificial influence. The construction of excavation slopes on the roads leads to instability of the slopes and induces disasters under the influence of rainfall. In addition, there are a large number of artificial mining mines in the work area. These places are also prone to geological disasters due to unreasonable mining and subsequent prevention and control work. (4) Areas with strong human activities, areas near the fault structure and water system roads are the main influencing factors for geological disasters in the work area.