A Study of Visual acuity among the students in a Rural Girls High School of West Bengal

Kakali Mondal
2013 IOSR Journal of Dental and Medical Sciences  
A hospital based descriptive cross sectional study was conducted in a girls' high school, Tarakeswar, Hooghly, West Bengal to assess the proportion of visual acuity and visual impairment among the students in a Rural High School along with its association with some socio-demographic, environmental and nutritional factors. Out of 160 students, 132 girl students of class VIII, IX, X attended the school on the day of survey. In first step Pre-designed pre-tested self administered questionnaire was
more » ... d questionnaire was filled in by the students. The second step involved eye examination, including students' visual acuity using the Snellen E chart and near vision chart. Data were tabulated in MS EXCEL 2007 and analysed by SPSS 20. Most of the students were Hindu (98.49%), Poor socio-economic class (63.64%). Education status of the fathers was mostly primary school completed (36.4%). 68.9% students had visual acuity 6/6 and 31.1% had visual acuity <6/6 with best available correction in both eyes (n=132).Visual impairment was found in 4.5% students. The frequency of visual impairment was significantly higher in children with glasses (corrected) as compared to children without glasses (14.3% versus 4%). Diet and physical factors had no role with visual acuity.
doi:10.9790/0853-01021216 fatcat:jafdtodesrbl7j6skrxnr5jfay