Cellular evaluation of insulin transmucosal delivery

Jennifer E. López, Nicholas A. Peppas
2004 Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition  
P(MAA-g-EG) microparticles have been extensively investigated as carriers for oral delivery of proteins such as insulin. In this study, we investigated the effect of the molecular weight of the PEG tethered chains in the copolymer network and of the microparticle size on the transepithelial electrical resistance (TEER) and insulin epithelial permeability, using monolayers of human intestinal epithelial Caco-2 cells. Two molecular weights of the PEG chains, 400 and 1000, were investigated, as
more » ... l as three different dry microparticle sizes: 25-90, 90-150 and 150-212 µm. Their effect on the cell monolayer integrity was studied by monitoring TEER as a fraction of time and determining insulin permeability. The presence of insulin-loaded P(MAA-g-EG) microparticles decreases the TEERs value by 50% with respect to the control. This disruption of the cell monolayer was recovered in 3 h after the removal of the polymer microparticles. Within the range of PEG molecular weights studied, there was no significant change of the TEER values. However, decreased microparticle sizes and short PEG chains systems led to higher permeability values. Insulin-loaded P(MAA-g-EG) microparticles enhanced the transport of insulin through the Caco-2 cell monolayers.
doi:10.1163/156856204323005262 pmid:15212324 fatcat:krcwoccf7veyxgsxvb5z7mwcku