Integrated Farming Systems for Sustainable Agriculture in Raigad District of Maharashtra

M.B. Nikam
2020 International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Biotechnology  
An integrated farming system comprises the crop production, livestock, horticulture crops and fisheries etc. The status of these combinations depends on the prevailing modal of these systems in a particular area. Therefore, it is necessary to identify the existing major integrated farming systems with internal cost adjustment, return, income and employment in the farming systems. The present study was conducted in Raigad district of Maharashtra during year 2015-16. A total sample of 120
more » ... mple of 120 households was selected. Out of seven farming systems six systems were found livestock based systems, viz; FS-I: Crops + Vegetable, FS-II: Crops + Dairy, FS-III: Crops + Poultry, FS-IV: Crops + Vegetable + Dairy, FS-V: Crops + Poultry + Dairy, FS-VI: Crops + Vegetable + Goat and FSVII: Crops + Vegetable + Orchard + Dairy. The total cost of farming system was minimum in FS-I and highest in FS-V. On per farm basis employment generated was minimum in FS-I (267.76 man days) and maximum in FS-V (758.82 man days). Highlights m The income and employment generation as well as internal cost adjustment (67.66%) per hectare was maximum in FS-VI as in this farming system crops, vegetables and goats enterprises were undertaken.
doi:10.30954/0974-1712.02.2020.10 fatcat:coxnk4rczrfrxa62oi5aeb6vvm