Nonlinear Split-Window Algorithms for Estimating Land and Sea Surface Temperatures From Simulated Chinese Gaofen-5 Satellite Data

Bo-Hui Tang
2018 IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  
This paper proposes a different thermal channel combination split-window (DTCC-SW) method to estimate the land surface temperature (LST) and sea ST (SST) from the Chinese Gaofen-5 (GF-5) satellite thermal infrared (TIR) data. A nonlinear combination of two adjacent channels CH 8.20 (centered at 8.20 µm) and CH 8.63 (centered at 8.63 µm) was proposed to estimate LST for low-emissivity surfaces. A nonlinear combination of two adjacent channels, CH 10.80 (centered at 10.80 µm) and CH 11.95
more » ... nd CH 11.95 (centered at 11.92 µm), was developed to estimate LST and SST for high-emissivity surfaces under dry atmospheric conditions, and a nonlinear combination of two channels, CH 8.63 and CH 11.95 , was used to estimate LST and SST for high-emissivity surfaces under wet atmospheric conditions. The numerical values of the DTCC-SW coefficients were obtained using a statistical regression method from synthetic data simulated with an accurate atmospheric radiative transfer model moderate spectral resolution atmospheric transmittance mode 5 over a wide range of atmospheric and surface conditions. The LST (SST), mean emissivity, and atmospheric water vapor content were divided into several tractable subranges to improve the fitting accuracy. The experimental results and the preliminary evaluation results showed that the root-mean-square error between the actual and estimated LSTs (SSTs) is less than 0.7 K (0.3 K), provided that the land surface emissivities are known, which indicates that the proposed DTCC-SW method can accurately estimate the LST and SST from the GF-5 TIR data. Index Terms-Different thermal channel combination splitwindow (DTCC-SW), Gaofen-5 (GF-5), land surface temperature (LST), sea surface temperature (SST), thermal infrared (TIR).
doi:10.1109/tgrs.2018.2833859 fatcat:6glkltmcw5hxrnjpnghvn7tdx4