Beginnings [chapter]

<span title="">1980</span> <i title="Springer Berlin Heidelberg"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/2w3awgokqne6te4nvlofavy5a4" style="color: black;">Lecture Notes in Computer Science</a> </i> &nbsp;
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/3-540-10233-7_1">doi:10.1007/3-540-10233-7_1</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/m57ng67jsjez3prkivij34zaaq">fatcat:m57ng67jsjez3prkivij34zaaq</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190503142656/https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007%2F3-540-10233-7_1.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/93/0d/930ddf6b12d9f2dbf4ecffc1518197be87cd0751.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/3-540-10233-7_1"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> springer.com </button> </a>