Efficacy and safety of esaxerenone (CS-3150), a newly available nonsteroidal mineralocorticoid receptor blocker, in hypertensive patients with primary aldosteronism
AbstractMineralocorticoid receptor (MR) blockers are very beneficial for patients with hypertension and primary aldosteronism (PA). We investigated the efficacy and safety of a newly available nonsteroidal MR blocker, esaxerenone, in Japanese patients with hypertension and PA. A multicenter, open-label study was conducted in Japan between October 2016 and July 2017. Patients with hypertension and PA received 12 weeks of treatment with esaxerenone, initiated at 2.5 mg/day and escalated to 5
... escalated to 5 mg/day during week 2 or 4 of treatment, based on individual response. The only other permitted antihypertensive therapies were stable dosages of a Ca2+ channel blocker or α-blocker. The primary efficacy outcome was a change in sitting systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP/DBP) from baseline to the end of treatment. Forty-four patients were included; dose escalation to 5 mg/day was implemented for 41 of these patients. Significant decreases in SBP and DBP were observed (point estimates [95% confidence interval] −17.7 [−20.6, −14.7] and −9.5 [−11.7, −7.3] mmHg, respectively; both p < 0.0001 at the end of treatment). Significant BP reductions were evident from week 2 and continued through to week 8; BP remained stable until week 12. The antihypertensive effect of esaxerenone on SBP was significantly greater in females and in patients receiving monotherapy. The major drug-related adverse events were serum K+ increase and estimated glomerular filtration rate decrease (both 4.5%, n = 2); no gynecomastia or breast pain was observed. We conclude that esaxerenone is a potent MR blocker with favorable efficacy and safety profiles in patients with hypertension and PA.