Phenoxyamidine Zn and Al Complexes: Synthesis, Characterization and Use in the Ring-Opening Polymerization of Lactide [component]

Herein we report the synthesis of new ditopic ligands, which consist of a phenoxy group and N,N,N'trisubstituted amidines linked by a methylene spacer (L1-L4). Their coordination chemistry has been studied/investigated with Zn(II) and Al(III). Alkane elimination route between the phenol-amidine proligands (L1H-L4H) and Et2Zn led to dinuclear complexes [(L1-L4)ZnEt]2 (1a-4a) in which the Zn centers are chelated by phenoxyamidine ligands and bridged through the oxygen atom of the phenoxy groups.
more » ... he phenoxy groups. Salt metathesis reaction between two equivalents of the sodium amidine phenate L1Na and ZnCl2 led to a bis-chelate chiral spiro-complex (L12Zn) 1a'. Analogous alkane elimination route between AlMe3 and the phenol-amidine proligands L1H-L4H allowed the preparation of the mononuclear complexes [(L1-L4)AlMe2] (1b-4b). The phenoxyamidine-Al and Zn complexes have been characterized by NMR spectroscopy, elemental analysis and/or high resolution ESI-MS. The solid state structures of the proligands [L1H2][Br] and L2H as well as of six complexes have been established by single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. Fluxional properties of the proligands L1H-L2H and of the complexes 1a and 2b have been investigated by VT NMR experiments. In the presence of an alcohol source, complexes 1a-4a and 1b-4b were used as initiators for the controlled ring-opening polymerization (ROP) of rac-lactide to afford atactic polylactic acid (PLA).
doi:10.1021/acs.organomet.9b00501.s001 fatcat:3n2mqx6eyjaubbyj7fnmn2zuxu