Everlasting Secure Key Agreement with performance beyond QKD in a Quantum Computational Hybrid security model [article]

Nilesh Vyas, Romain Alleaume
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Extending the functionality and overcoming the performance limitation under which QKD can operate requires either quantum repeaters or new security models. Investigating the latter option, we introduce the Quantum Computational Hybrid (QCH) security model, where we assume that computationally secure encryption may only be broken after time much longer than the coherence time of available quantum memories. We propose an explicit d-dimensional key distribution protocol, that we call MUB-Quantum
more » ... mputational Timelock (MUB-QCT) where one bit is encoded on a qudit state chosen among d+1 mutually unbiased bases (MUBs). Short-term-secure encryption is used to share the basis information with legitimate users while keeping it unknown from Eve until after her quantum memory decoheres. This allows reducing Eve's optimal attack to an immediate measurement followed by post-measurement decoding. We demonstrate that MUB-QCT enables everlasting secure key distribution with input states containing up to O(√(d)) photons. This leads to a series of important improvements when compared to QKD: on the functional side, the ability to operate securely between one sender and many receivers, whose implementation can moreover be untrusted; significant performance increase, characterized by a O(√(d)) multiplication of key rates and an extension by 25 km ×log(d) of the attainable distance over fiber. Implementable with a large number of modes with current or near-term multimode photonics technologies, the MUB-QCT construction has the potential to provide a radical shift to the performance and practicality of quantum key distribution.
arXiv:2004.10173v1 fatcat:y3imcbrsr5e4pn3yqv25e6v7hm