An Investigation of Dopamine's Role in Six Psychiatric Illnesses

Alyssa Wang
2021 Journal of student research  
This paper aims to investigate the neurotransmitter dopamine's role in six prevalent psychiatric disorders: attention-deficit disorder, autism spectrum disorder, bipolar disorder, major depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, and schizophrenia. Although dopamine's contribution to schizophrenia is the most understood, dopamine's role in other disorders is also an increasing area of research. Dopamine affects reward-motivated behavior, motor control, cognition, and possesses many other
more » ... s many other sub-functions as well. Dysfunction in dopamine firing rate, firing time, tonic and phasic levels, and receptor and transporter density can lead to numerous diseases and symptoms. Having a better understanding of how dopamine affects these illnesses specifically can lead to the development of more effective treatment and medication. Thus, the analysis of the studies and proposals for how dopamine is involved in various mental disorders are discussed in this review.
doi:10.47611/jsrhs.v10i1.1394 fatcat:i2gbjxzo6rgq3dtsrymag3aq6q