A Correction Model for the Continuous Deflection Measurement of Pavements under Dynamic Loads
Pavement deflection is the primary indicator reflecting road-bearing capacity. The falling weight deflectometer (FWD) and the Benkelman beam deflectometer (BBD) are widely used in deflection measurement, and are suitable for measuring the elastic deflection of pavement under static loading or dynamic impact loading. In recent years, there has been an increasing interest in continuous dynamic deflectometers, especially velocity-based deflectometers. The velocity-based continuous dynamic
... us dynamic deflectometers, such as the laser dynamic deflectometer (LDD), are used to solve the problems of traffic speed and non-destructive pavement deflection measurement. However, there can be many deviations caused by the varied environmental parameters in practical application. In this article, through the review of the mechanism of the Euler-Bernoulli beam upon an elastic foundation and the corresponding influencing factors, the internal and external factors causing dynamic deflection measurement deviation are analyzed and summarized. The influences of pavement temperature, vehicle speed, pavement condition, and other factors are summarized and discussed. On this basis, a model of environmental parameter correction for the continuous dynamic deflectometer is established using a regression analysis method. Numbers of experiments confirmed the reliability of the correction model under different measurement conditions. The correlation experiments between the LDD and different types of deflectometer confirmed the accuracy of the correction model under different measurement conditions. The results showed that the correction model for the continuous deflection measurement of pavements under dynamic loads has strong robustness in different environments and conditions.