Cytogenetic studies of three Lycosidae species from Argentina (Arachnida, Araneae)

María A. Chemisquy, Sergio G. Rodríguez Gil, Cristina L. Scioscia, Liliana M. Mola
2008 Genetics and Molecular Biology  
Cytogenetic studies of the family Lycosidae (Arachnida: Araneae) are scarce. Less than 4% of the described species have been analyzed and the male haploid chromosome numbers ranged from 8+X 1 X 2 to 13+X 1 X 2 . Species formerly classified as Lycosa were the most studied ones. Our aim in this work was to perform a comparative analysis of the meiosis in "Lycosa" erythrognatha Lucas, "Lycosa" pampeana Holmberg and Schizocosa malitiosa (Tullgren). We also compared male and female karyotypes and
more » ... e karyotypes and characterized the heterochromatin of "L." erythrognatha. The males of the three species had 2n = 22, n = 10+X 1 X 2 , all the chromosomes were telocentric and there was generally a single chiasma per bivalent. In "Lycosa" pampeana, which is described cytogenetically for the first time herein, the bivalents and sex chromosomes showed a clustered arrangement at prometaphase I. The comparison of the male/female karyotypes (2n = 22/24) of "Lycosa" erythrognatha revealed that the sex chromosomes were the largest of the complement and that the autosomes decreased gradually in size. The analysis of the amount, composition and distribution of heterochromatin with C-banding and staining with DAPI-and CMA 3 -showed that "Lycosa" erythrognatha had little GC-rich heterochromatin in the pericentromeric region of all chromosomes. In addition, the actual occurrence of the genus Lycosa in the Southern Hemisphere is discussed. The content, distribution and composition of the constitutive heterochromatin in spiders have been poorly analyzed (Brum-Zorrilla and Cazenave, 1974;
doi:10.1590/s1415-47572008005000022 fatcat:2fh7oy42gjft7dfqy5wc4xjk7q