Stone use in Roman towns: Resources, transport, products and clients: Case study Sirmium: Second report

Bojan Djuric, Jasmina Davidovic, Andreja Maver, Igor Riznar
2007 Starinar  
uncovered in the courtyard of the temple of Iuppiter. They are held, at present, mostly in the Museum of Srem and partly (16 altars) at various institutions and office buildings across Sremska Mitrovica. 3 In all, there were 80 votive altars uncovered at the temple, of which 79 bore inscriptions of beneficiarii and formed the subject of the publication of M. Mirkovi}. 4 A single altar fragment remained unpublished, which we were not able to identify in our survey of the museum. Upon discovery,
more » ... small portion of the votive altars stood on their respective plinths in the form of stone blocks, while most were »displaced and piled up one upon another as in a storeroom«. 5 This unusual fact has not yet been explained by the excavators. The altar plinths, 50 in number, are nowadays located in the park beside Sirmium's southern defence walls that 83 STARINAR LVII/2007. Abstract. ‡ The project work in the 2007 season included the analysis of stone monuments held at the Museum of Srem and across the town of Sremska Mitrovica as well as at Site 1a -Imperial palace. Particular attention was paid to two closed groups: the monolithic altars from the temple of Iuppiter within the statio beneficiarii, made between ca AD100 and 231, and the remains of the temple known as the »Tetrapylon«, consisting of blocks of limestone. The results of the analysis show a parallel and quantitatively comparable use of limestone of Lithotypes I and II for altars dating from ca AD100 to ca 185 as well as a predominance of Lithotype II in later times. The analysis of the limestone blocks used in the construction of the »Tetrapylon«, on the other hand, has shown the material to originate from the Dardagani quarry and revealed an as yet unknown lithotype from the area. Statio beneficiarii and the temple of Iuppiter (Site 70) The statio situated near Sirmium's western defence wall was uncovered and researched in 1988, 1 but has not yet witnessed a comprehensive publication. Recently, M. Jeremi} again drew attention to the statio as he presented Roman sanctuaries of Sirmium. 2 Published in their entirety were only the altars
doi:10.2298/sta0757083d fatcat:spnbk6capjbz5cbmzsvdlrxhni