Effect of Occupational Factors on the Quality of Life of Workers in Governmental and Non-Governmental Sectors in Southeastern Nigeria
Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research
Purpose: To assess the effect of occupational factors on quality of life (QOL) of workers in Governmental and non-Governmental sectors in southeastern Nigeria. Methods: A total of 2025 workers (both governmental and non-governmental sectors) were selected from across five southeastern states of Nigeria by convenient sampling. The Medical Outcomes Survey Short Form-36 (SF-36) alongside twenty closed questions was administered to the two groups of respondents to assess their quality of life and
... ality of life and determine other factors that affected their quality of life. Results: Having a job that is tasking (r = -0.209, p < 0.05) contributed significantly to low Physical Component Summary (PCS ) in non-governmental sector but having job that raises enough finances for one's comfort (r = 0.228, p < 0.05) impacted positively on their PCS. Being overly stressed by the job (r = -0.225, p < 0.01) was the only factor that significantly impacted negatively on Mental Component Summary (MCS) of respondents in Governmental sector while having a job that exposes one to a lot of health risk (r = -0.269, p < 0.01, having a job that is tasking (r = -0.206, p < 0.05) and having the belief that there are spiritual forces responsible for the challenges one is facing (r = -0.249, p < 0.05) accounted for decrease in MCS of respondents in non-Governmental sector. Conclusion: Occupational factors had more negative impact on the quality of life of respondents in non-Governmental sector than their counterparts in Governmental sector of the economy.