Degradation of di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate by Bacillus aquimaris isolated from Ajakanga municipal solid waste leachate
Malaysian Journal of Microbiology
Aim: Di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) has been identified as an endocrine-disrupting chemical, commonly found in the environment. The aim of this study was to isolate bacteria from municipal solid waste (MSW) leachates in Nigeria and its ability to degrade DEHP. Methodology and results: The DEHP degrading bacterium was isolated and identified. The degradation process was monitored aerobically at varying temperature and pH and the metabolites were determined using High Performance-Liquid
... rmance-Liquid Chromatography and Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry, respectively. Based on the morphology and the 16S rDNA sequence, the bacterial isolate was identified as Bacillus aquimaris. B aquimaris was able to degrade 99% of 200 mg/L DEHP within 12 days. The optimum pH and temperature for its biodegradation were 8 and 25 °C, respectively and the intermediate metabolites were identified as butyl octyl phthalate and phthalic acid. Conclusion, significance and impact of study: This study showed that B. aquimaris could be a useful tool for the biodegradation of DEHP in the environment.