Impact Analysis of Water Quality on the Development of Construction Materials

Hamad Farid, Muhammad Shoaib Mansoor, Syyed Adnan Raheel Shah, Nasir Mahmood Khan, Rana Muhammad Farooq Shabbir, Muhammad Adnan, Hunain Arshad, Inzmam-Ul Haq, Muhammad Waseem
2019 Processes  
This research dealt with the impact of the quality of the water source on the mechanical properties of construction materials. The mechanical properties of construction materials include compressive, tensile, and flexural strength. Water samples were collected from different resources, these samples were then synthetically investigated to identify and compare their quality parameters. After a detailed chemical analysis of water samples from three sources—wastewater, surface or canal water, and
more » ... r canal water, and ground water—construction concrete material samples were prepared. The construction materials were developed with the same water–cement ratio, i.e., 0.60 for each concrete mix sample at two mix ratios—M1 (1:2:4) and M2 (1:1.5:3). Slump cone and compacting factor tests were conducted on the fresh concrete to determine its workability prior to its hardening. Then, at 7, 14, 21, and 28 days for each mix, tests for mechanical properties were carried out to determine the compressive, tensile, and flexure strengths. Results showed that the mechanical properties of the concrete made by utilizing wastewater and surface water were more noteworthy as compared to the concrete made by groundwater. This study will help in the production of concrete which depends on waste and surface canal water, even for large projects like rigid pavement construction and water-related structures.
doi:10.3390/pr7090579 fatcat:tjthmh6zabaibj7nkjet2jv6ua