PERFORMANCE OF INTEGRATED CONTRACT AND INDEPENDENT BROILER PRODUCTION IN EAST LOMBOK, WEST NUSA TENGGARA

B. Indarsih, W. Suryatman
2012 Journal of the Indonesian Tropical Animal Agriculture  
ABSTRAK Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui penampilan produksi broiler pada intergrasi vertikal (pola kemitraan) dan pola mandiri di Kabupaten Lombok Timur, Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Barat yang dilaksanakan bulan Juli sampai September 2011. Data primer diperoleh dari survai lapangan bersumber pada peternak pola kemitraan dan peternak mandiri. Tiga puluh peternak pola kemitraan berdasarkan skala pemeliharaan dan empat belas peternak mandiri dipilih sebagai sampel untuk mengukur penampilan
more » ... gukur penampilan numerikal dan pendapatan peternak. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penampilan produksi broiler pola kemitraan dan mandiri masing-masing 315.7 and 317.1, dan angka ini lebih baik dari standar yaitu 200. Pendapatan peternak pola kemitraan lebih rendah dibanding pendapatan peternak mandiri dihitung berdasarkan satu siklus pemeliharaan pada saat studi ini dilakukan. Pola kemitraan menarik berbagai kalangan profesi, dan terbanyak melibatkan lulusan strata1 (43.3%) sedangkan pola usaha mandiri diminati oleh kelompok tingkat pendidikan SMU (50%) dengan pengalaman lebih dari 20 tahun. ABSTRACT This study was undertaken to evaluate the performance of vertical integration and independent poultry producers in East Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara, during the period July to September 2011. Data was collected from a primary field survey of integrated contract and independent producers. The sample producers were interviewed to collect the required data using a questioner. Supporting data were obtained from the relevant institution, and poultry association. Thirty integrated contract and fourteen independent growers were involved to measure farm's performance with references on numerical performance (NP) and farmer' returns. This study indicates that the NP of integrated contract and independent farms were 315.7 and 317.1, respectively, both was higher than the standard that is 200. Returns for integrated contract farmers were lower than the independent when calculated based on the production cycle when this study was undertaken. Integrated contract farmers were attractive to various types of professions, the graduated people of university or college (43.3%) was the most, whilst independent farmers were dominated by senior high school (50%) with higher experience which was more than 20 years.
doi:10.14710/jitaa.37.1.50-58 fatcat:o3awwrd7lfb45ogysz7j4bclmi