Features of smaller ribosomes in Candidate Phyla Radiation (CPR) bacteria revealed with a molecular evolutionary analysis [article]

Megumi Tsurumaki, Motofumi Saito, Masaru Tomita, Akio Kanai
2022 bioRxiv   pre-print
The Candidate Phyla Radiation (CPR) is a large bacterial group consisting mainly of uncultured lineages. They have small cells and small genomes, and often lack ribosomal proteins L1, L9, and/or L30, which are basically ubiquitous in ordinary (non-CPR) bacteria. Here, we comprehensively analyzed the genomic information of CPR bacteria and identified their unique properties. In the distribution of protein lengths in CPR bacteria, the peak was at around 100–150 amino acids, whereas the position
more » ... the peak varies in the range of 100–300 amino acids in free-living non-CPR bacteria, and at around 100–200 amino acids in most symbiotic non-CPR bacteria. These results show that CPR bacteria have smaller proteins on average, like symbiotic non-CPR bacteria. We found that ribosomal proteins L28, L29, L32, and L33 are also deleted in CPR bacteria, in a lineage-specific manner. Moreover, the sequences of approximately half of all ribosomal proteins in CPR differ, in part, from those of non-CPR bacteria, with missing regions or specific added region. We also found that several regions of the 16S, 23S, and 5S rRNAs are lacking in CPR bacteria and that the total predicted length of the three rRNAs in CPR bacteria is smaller than that in non-CPR bacteria. The regions missing in the CPR ribosomal proteins and rRNAs are located near the surface of the ribosome, and some are close to one another. These observations suggest that ribosomes are smaller in CPR bacteria than in free-living non-CPR bacteria, with simplified surface structures.
doi:10.1101/2022.01.07.475337 fatcat:t5k5y7g6hvgjlcmthunmpzhqou