Using a Bone-Conduction Headset to Improve Speech Discrimination in Children With Otitis Media With Effusion

Tamsin Holland Brown, Marina Salorio-Corbetto, Roger Gray, Alexandra James Best, Josephine E Marriage, Apollo-University Of Cambridge Repository, Apollo-University Of Cambridge Repository
The recommended management for children with otitis media with effusion (OME) is 'watchful waiting' before considering grommet surgery. During this time speech and language, listening skills, quality of life, social skills, and outcomes of education can be jeopardized. Air-conduction (AC) hearing aids are problematic due to fluctuating AC hearing loss. Bone-conduction (BC) hearing is stable, but BC hearing aids can be uncomfortable. Both types of hearing aids are costly. Given the high
more » ... n the high prevalence of OME and the transitory nature of the accompanying hearing loss, cost-effective solutions are needed. The leisure industry has developed relatively inexpensive, comfortable, high-quality BC headsets for transmission of speech or music. This study assessed whether these headsets, paired with a remote microphone, improve speech discrimination for children with OME. Nineteen children aged 3 to 6 years receiving recommended management in the United Kingdom for children with OME participated. Word-discrimination thresholds were measured in a sound-treated room in quiet and with 65 dB(A) speech-shaped noise, with and without a headset. The median threshold in quiet (N = 17) was 39 dB(A) (range: 23-59) without a headset and 23 dB(A) (range: 9-35) with a headset (Z = -3.519, p
doi:10.17863/cam.43595 fatcat:udtjxxcwobbcbeo63o663yexd4