Bypassing ubiquitination enables LAT recycling to the cell surface and enhanced signaling in T cells

Lakshmi Balagopalan, Hiba Malik, Katherine M. McIntire, Joseph A. Garvey, Tiffany Nguyen, Ana B. Rodriguez-Peña, Lawrence E. Samelson, Mariola J Edelmann
2020 PLoS ONE  
LAT molecules defective in ubiquitination have an increased half-life and induce enhanced signaling when expressed in T cells. In this study, we have examined the role of ubiquitination in regulating LAT endocytosis, recycling, and degradation in resting and stimulated T cells. By tracking and comparing plasma membrane-labeled wild type and ubiquitination-resistant 2KR LAT, we find that ubiquitination promotes the degradation of surface LAT in T cells. Activation of T cells increases LAT
more » ... ncreases LAT ubiquitination and promotes trafficking of internalized LAT to lysosomes for degradation. Ubiquitination of LAT does not change internalization rates from the cell surface, but prevents efficient recycling of LAT to the surface of T cells. Our study demonstrates that surface LAT levels are tightly controlled by ubiquitination. LAT in unstimulated cells lacks ubiquitin allowing for increased LAT stability and efficient T cell activation upon TCR triggering; ubiquitination leads to efficient removal of LAT after activation.
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0229036 pmid:32084172 fatcat:qfdp63fqtvajtdka35cwydju4e