A Simple and Strongly-Local Flow-Based Method for Cut Improvement [article]

Nate Veldt, David F. Gleich, Michael W. Mahoney
2016 arXiv   pre-print
Many graph-based learning problems can be cast as finding a good set of vertices nearby a seed set, and a powerful methodology for these problems is based on maximum flows. We introduce and analyze a new method for locally-biased graph-based learning called SimpleLocal, which finds good conductance cuts near a set of seed vertices. An important feature of our algorithm is that it is strongly-local, meaning it does not need to explore the entire graph to find cuts that are locally optimal. This
more » ... ethod solves the same objective as existing strongly-local flow-based methods, but it enables a simple implementation. We also show how it achieves localization through an implicit L1-norm penalty term. As a flow-based method, our algorithm exhibits several ad- vantages in terms of cut optimality and accurate identification of target regions in a graph. We demonstrate the power of SimpleLocal by solving problems on a 467 million edge graph based on an MRI scan.
arXiv:1605.08490v1 fatcat:4gb43tgz3rgtdboru7skjbnhfe