Multiple Hungarian Method for k-Assignment Problem

Boštjan Gabrovšek, Tina Novak, Janez Povh, Darja Rupnik Poklukar and Janez Žerovnik
2020 Mathematics  
The k-assignment problem (or, the k-matching problem) on k-partite graphs is an NP-hard problem for k≥3. In this paper we introduce five new heuristics. Two algorithms, Bm and Cm, arise as natural improvements of Algorithm Am from (He et al., in: Graph Algorithms And Applications 2, World Scientific, 2004). The other three algorithms, Dm, Em, and Fm, incorporate randomization. Algorithm Dm can be considered as a greedy version of Bm, whereas Em and Fm are versions of local search algorithm,
more » ... arch algorithm, specialized for the k-matching problem. The algorithms are implemented in Python and are run on three datasets. On the datasets available, all the algorithms clearly outperform Algorithm Am in terms of solution quality. On the first dataset with known optimal values the average relative error ranges from 1.47% over optimum (algorithm Am) to 0.08% over optimum (algorithm Em). On the second dataset with known optimal values the average relative error ranges from 4.41% over optimum (algorithm Am) to 0.45% over optimum (algorithm Fm). Better quality of solutions demands higher computation times, thus the new algorithms provide a good compromise between quality of solutions and computation time.
doi:10.3390/math8112050 fatcat:nsciq6nhjnhttlgxnqnhljefri