Influence of the Foraging Activity of the Anthophilous Insects on Talinum triangulare (Waterleaf) fructification in Bafut (North West - Cameroon)

Esther Nadine Otiobo Atibita, David Fotsing, Njoya Moses Tita Mogho, Champlain Djieto-Lordon, Fernand-Nestor Tchuenguem Fohouo
2021 Turkish Journal of Agriculture: Food Science and Technology  
Talinum triangulare is an herbaceous succulent plant eaten as a vegetable throughout the tropics including many countries in West and Central Africa and are an essential ingredient in traditional dishes. Experiments were made on the plant to examine the influence of foraging behavior of flowering insect on pollination and yields of this plant species in 2018 and 2019 at Bafut. Observations were made on 1615 to 4055 flowers per treatment. The treatments included unlimited floral access by
more » ... s and bagged flowers to deny all visits. The study focused on the foraging behavior of flowering insects and their pollination activity (fruiting rate). The results show that 14 insect species visited waterleaf flowers and Camponotus flavomarginatus was the most frequent (33.20%). Insects foraged throughout the day light period. Their activity was highest between 10 am and 12 pm. Insect species foraged the flowers for pollen and nectar. The fructification rate of unrestricted floral access was significantly high than that of protected flowers to deny all visits. The maintenance of insect nest close to T. triangulare field is recommended to improve it fruits production.
doi:10.24925/turjaf.v9i12.2106-2112.4261 fatcat:q2aeaafvxbcnfg6665ud2iw3ym