Análise sistemática de reagentes e resíduos sem identificação

Júlio Carlos Afonso, Jaqueline Amorim da Silveira, Adriana de Sousa Oliveira, Rosilda Maria Gomes Lima
2005 Química Nova  
Recebido em 12/8/03; aceito em 15/5/04; publicado na web em 27/07/04 SYSTEMATIC ANALYSIS OF UNIDENTIFIED CHEMICALS AND WASTES. This work presents a detailed routine applied to the identification of unknown chemicals and wastes. 786 specimens were analyzed during 20 months. Unknown materials fell into three basic classes: (i) commercial chemicals without labels or illegible ones; (ii) laboratory synthesis products; (iii) used solvents (including mixtures). Uranium and thorium were recovered form
more » ... were recovered form their wastes. Unknown chemicals were mainly inorganic compounds, many of which had never been opened. Alkaline salts were dominant, but also precious metal compounds were identified. Laboratory synthesis products were organic compounds. The final destination depended on the nature of the chemical. Most organic compounds were sent to incineration; inorganic salts were distributed among several public organizations, including secondary and technical schools. The work described in this paper greatly reduced the amount of wastes that had to be sent to disposal.
doi:10.1590/s0100-40422005000100028 fatcat:gebfspuogzhw3bgxhgzoqfftz4