The Emission and Distribution of PCDD/Fs in Municipal Solid Waste Incinerators and Coal-fired Power Plant

Wen-Yinn Lin, Yee-Lin Wu, Li-Kai Tu, Lin-Chi Wang, Xin Lu
2010 Aerosol and Air Quality Research  
The emission and distribution of polychlorinated debenzo-p-dioxins/dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) was investigated in two municipal solid waste incinerators (MSWIs) and one coal-fired power plant (PP) in southern Taiwan. Samples were collected from stack flue gases (SFG), bottom residues (BR), super heater (SH), economizer (EC), semi-dry absorber (SDA), bag filter (BF), and fly ash pit (FAP) in MSWIs. Stack flue gases, bottom residues and electrostatic dust collectors (ESD) in PP were also collected.
more » ... re also collected. In order to compare the difference between the results of MSWIs and PP, samples from SFG, BS, and FAP in a PP were also determined. Seventeen congeners of PCDD/Fs were analyzed by utilizing a highresolution gas chromatograph/high-resolution mass spectrometer (HRGC/HRMS). Distributions of total PCDD/F-I-TEQ in each unit of MSWI-A and MSWI-B were SFG (0.3%, 0.07%), BR (3.9%, 0.62%), SH (0.17%, 0.24%), EC (4.2%, 0.05%), SDA (1.29%, 7.06%), and BF (90.14%, 91.97%), respectively. However, those in SFG, BS, and FAP of PP were 99.58%, 0.17%, and 0.25%, respectively. The above results indicated 99.5% PCDD/Fs were trapped in the fly ash of MWSI. On the other hand, 99.7% PCDD/Fs was emitted to the atmosphere from PP. The results of this study provide useful information for controlling PCDD/Fs in MSWIs and PP.
doi:10.4209/aaqr.2010.03.0017 fatcat:zlndqezqtzeztm5t6yjvkvrsny