Notes of Travel. IV
IT was the writer's pleasure to accompany Colonel Charles Page Bryan, American minister to Brazil, on a visit to Sao Paulo and one of its large coffee estates. Santos, the port of Sao Paulo, and therefore the greatest coffee port of the world, is connected by an excellent line of railway with the latter. Sao Paulo is a rapidly growing town of some 65,ooo inhabitants and is surrounded by many square miles of plantations of Arabian coffee. The geological and geographical commission of the state
... sion of the state of Sao Paulo is situated here at the capitol, and Dr. Orville Derby, a graduate of Cornell, is its originator and present chief. Under Dr. Derby's direction a botanical department has been established and an economic botanic garden started, with Mr. Alberto Lofgren at its head, a competent and thoroughly enthusiastic Swedish botanist. Mr. Lofgren is assisted by a systematist, Mr. Gustavo Edwall, who has charge of the rapidly increasing herbarium, and also by a young Belgian gardener. At Trememnb6, an hour's ride by steam train from the city, is the young botanic garden, now with about four acres in cultivation and many more available, a small laboratory, cold frames, and a convenient house for orchids and other shade loving plants. In this garden Mr. 1,6fgren is planting native forage plants, fruit trees, and ornamentals, with the view of introducing them into Brazilian culture. As in all new countries, the field here for such work is quite open, and this garden, if properly supported, will be of great importance to the country. The best varieties of East Indian mangoes, the southern varieties of alfalfa, and the best sorts of oranges are all quite unknown in this immense region that is so admirably suited to their cultivation, and to that of many other economic plants. The pioneer work of plant introduction has scarcely been begun in Sao Paulo, and will not make much progress until coffee ceases to be what wheat is in our prairie states, the one lucrative crop. At the invitation of Dr. Eduardo Prado, owner of one of the largest coffee estates, as well as owner and editor of one of the prominent newspapers in Brazil, Minister Bryan and his party spent a day on the Berg5n coffee estate, some eight hours' ride by train from Sao This content downloaded from 080.082.