Use of Correspondence Analysis to Analyze Feelings of Insecurity Among the Elderly Concerning Snatch Occurrences on Roads

Joonsang An, Tetsu Yoshida
2011 Journal of Asian Architecture and Building Engineering  
By using a correspondence analysis the authors related the characteristics of the roads in a target area with the feelings of the elderly concerning snatch occurrences on these roads. The target area was divided into 10 groups, by using the k-means clustering method. The results can be summarized as follows: (1) Group 2 presents the highest rate of snatch occurrence (45.2%) and a feeling of security, implying that individuals feel an unreasonable sense of security on unsafe roads. The roads in
more » ... oads. The roads in this group have the largest percentage of shops (45.6%), longest roads, largest sidewalks, and the lowest ratio of length of open spaces/parking lots to the road length. (2) Groups 4 and 5 present low rates of snatch occurrence (12.5%, 8.3%), implying that individuals harbor an unreasonable sense of insecurity concerning safe roads. The roads in these groups have the largest percentage of houses (65.5%, 62.5%), shorter roads (34.9 m, 49.9 m) than the average, not many sidewalks, and the highest ratio of length of open spaces/parking lots to the road length. Based on these results, the authors clarified the characteristics of the roads in a target area, clustered based on the reasons why people feel secure/insecure about snatch occurrences on roads. Keywords: snatch; feeling of insecurity toward snatch; walking environment; elderly people; correspondence analysis Literature Review Several studies in the past have focused on the fear of crime and crime itself. Kinashi et al. (2008) found that the accessibility to railway stations and national roads tends to increase crime, and the occurrence of crime
doi:10.3130/jaabe.10.179 fatcat:h7i7ruy7k5bglpgsxmcrwipj3e