William H. Krug
1895 Journal of the American Chemical Society  
HE following experiments were suggested by a method pro-T posed for the estimation of tannin by Mr. Kerr, associate reporter on tannin, during the progress of the official work for the Association of Official Agricultural Chemists. This method consisted of the percolation of the tannin-bearing liquor through a column of asbestos with which a certain amount of yellow mercuric oxide had been intimately mixed. After making a number of attempts to obtain concordant results, I found it too difficult
more » ... nd it too difficult to secure uniform conditions such as rate of percolation, extent of contact and uniformity in the asbestos layer, and therefore turned to find some other way of using the oxide. It then occurred to m e to substitute it for the hide-powder in the ordinary shaker method. During the work I extended the investigation to three other oxides, viz., magnesium, zinc, and lead oxides. At the beginning it was evident that much more time would be consunied in absorbing the tannin in this manner and a number of preliminary experiments were made to determine this time litnit if possible. I n all cases when, upon filtration after shaking a certain length of time, it was found that combination was incomplete, the solution was allowed to stand until this was accomplished. It was thus found, that with magnesium and mercuric oxides, it was best to shake about four hours and then let the mixture stand over night, when it would be ready for filtration. With lead oxide the process required two days, after being shaken four hours, and the mixtures with zinc oxide stood a week before the tannin was totally absorbed. These two oxides were, therefore, rejected a s requiring too much time, though the analyses made with them, are given below for comparison. T h e extract used contained 42.35 per cent. soluble solids, and the diluted liquor used in the analyses, contained two grams of this extract per IOO cc. This diluted extract gave in twenty-Sept. 5. 189s. 1 Read at the Annual Meeting of the Association of Official Agricultural Chemists,
doi:10.1021/ja02165a013 fatcat:5ewu6ogbz5gapdial45vttmuzu