Archaeological Excavations at Bon-Désir: Basque Presence in the St. Lawrence Estuary

Dominique Lalande
1989 Northeast Historical Archaeology  
The archaeological fieldwork on the Anse a La Cave site at Bon-Desir uncovered remains associated with the exploitation of marine mammals in the St. Lawrence estuary .. Excavatwns revealed the presence of two senes of ovens used for rendering marine mammal fat . . These prellmll!ary data contnbute to our understand1~g of s1tes based on the seasonal exploitation of whales Ill North Amerzca by European fishermen. The env~ronmenta/, historical, and archaeological data support the hypothesis of a
more » ... e hypothesis of a Basque occupation in the St. Lawrence estuary, particularly on the Anse a La Cave site from perhaps as early as the end of the 16th century to the middle of the 18th century. Les trauaux archeologiques au site de I' Anse a La Cave a Bon-Desir ant perm is Ia mise au jour de vestiges relies a /'exploitation des mammiferes marins dans l'estuaire du Saint-Laurent. Les fouilles ant revile Ia presence de deux series de fours pour Ia fonte de Ia graisse des mammiferes marins. Ces donnees preliminaires contribuent a Ia connaissance des sites saisonniers d'exploitation de Ia baleine en Amerique du nord par les pecheurs europeens. Les donnees environnementales, historiques, et archeologiques appuient Ia presence des Basques dans /'estuaire du Saint-Laurent et partiwlierement a l'Anse a La Cave a partir de Ia fin du 16ieme siecle jusqu'au milieu du 18ieme siecle.
doi:10.22191/neha/vol18/iss1/3 fatcat:oxysgklgyrctzct4pf4fvv7wnm