Themes in Southwest Prehistory, edited by George J. Gumerman, 1994

Todd W. Bostwick
1995 Bulletin of the History of Archaeology  
geological and stone age archaeological history of South Africa. GeofIrey Pope and Kathy Schick separately describe the archaeological evidence from the earliest sites in the Far East, and Dennis Etler and. Li Tianyuan the hominid data from the same region. Leslie Fr eeman examines archaeological work at the Acheulean sites of Tonalba and Ambrona in Spain, which began in the 1960s and was resumed in the 1980s. Naomi P6rat and Henry Schwarcz review information about electron spin resonance
more » ... pin resonance (ESR), a dating technique which has given chronometric dates for sites beyond the range of mdiocarbon. It is ESR, along with thenn oluminescence ofbumed flint artifacts, which has led to substantial revision of ages fo r key Upper Pleistocene hominid sites. and to the recognition that anatomically modem humans probably preceded neandertals in the Middle East. well before modems appear in Europe. This aligns quite nicely with the mitochondrial Eve scenario for an African origin of modem humans. But if this is a resonable conclusion, where do neanderthals fit into the picture? Their anatomy is reviewed by Susan Anton, and Robert Corruccini concludes with an unusual asses sment of ideas relating to the rise and fall of neanderthals as modem ancestors; these seem to change parall eling periods of increasing and decreasing conservatism in scholarly and political circles . In conclusion, I can recommend this book to anyone who wishes to get up to date with pa1aeoanthropological data and its inter pretation. It is not an exhaustive survey of curren t information and issues , but gives a good picture of what we know. It is largely due to the fundamental work of F. Clark Howen in creating a general science of palaeoantbropology that lDlderstanding of our own past has come this far . . References Cited Isaa c, Glynn
doi:10.5334/bha.05210 fatcat:nhex4izqfnc4bmiuu4de7reyd4