Study on Roasting for Selective Lithium Leaching of Cathode Active Materials from Spent Lithium-Ion Batteries

Yeonjae Jung, Bongyoung Yoo, Sungcheol Park, Yonghwan Kim, Seongho Son
2021 Metals  
Recently, many studies have been conducted on the materialization of spent batteries. In conventional cases, lithium is recovered from an acidic solution through the leaching and separation of valuable metals; however, it is difficult to remove impurities because lithium is recovered in the last step. Cathode active materials of lithium-ion batteries comprise oxides with lithium, such as LiNixCoyMnzO2 and LiCoO2. Thus, lithium should be converted into a compound that can be leached in deionized
more » ... water for selective lithium leaching. Recent studies on the leaching and recovery of Li2CO3 through a carbon reduction reaction show low economic efficiency, due to the solubility of Li2CO3 at room temperature being as low as 13 g/L. This paper proposes a method of roasting after nitric acid deposition for selective lithium leaching and recovery to LiNO3. Based on experiments involving the varying of the amount of nitric acid, roasting temperature, and solid–liquid ratio, optimal values were found to be dipping in 10 M HNO3 2 mL/g, roasting at 275 °C, and deionized water with a solid–liquid ratio of 10 mL/g, respectively. Over 80% Li leaching was possible under these conditions. IC analysis confirmed that the purity was 97% lithium nitrate.
doi:10.3390/met11091336 fatcat:cd6t32i6zvdgncmu6hubtcis7a