Using glycerol produced from biodiesel as a plasticiser in extruded biodegradable films

Ana Paula Bilck, Carmen Maria Olivera Müller, Juliana Bonametti Olivato, Suzana Mali, Maria Victoria Eiras Grossmann, Fabio Yamashita
2015 Polímeros  
Sbstract The demand for renewably sourced biodegradable materials has increased the need to produce materials that combine appropriate functional properties at competitive costs. Thermoplastic starch and polyester blends are an interesting alternative to current materials due to the low cost of starch and the functional properties and processability of the resulting blends. Producing thermoplastic starch (TPS) requires using a plasticiser at concentrations between 20 and 30%wt (in relation to
more » ... t (in relation to starch). Glycerol is the most common plasticiser due to its high plasticising capacity and thermal stability at processing temperatures. The objective of this study was to evaluate glycerol waste from the biodiesel industry, with different degrees of purification, as plasticisers for TPS / poly (butylene adipate-co-terephthalate) (PBAT) blends. Different purities of glycerol produced films with similar mechanical, optical and barrier properties to those made with purified glycerol (99.7%). Therefore, crude glycerol is a renewable alternative plasticiser that reduces the cost of plasticisation by 6-fold.
doi:10.1590/0104-1428.1803 fatcat:idpqr2cyazcmjoycb4nhfq6d6q