Semilinear geometric optics with boundary amplification

Jean-Francois Coulombel, Olivier Guès, Mark Williams
2014 Analysis & PDE  
We study weakly stable semilinear hyperbolic boundary value problems with highly oscillatory data. Here weak stability means that exponentially growing modes are absent, but the so-called uniform Lopatinskii condition fails at some boundary frequency $\beta$ in the hyperbolic region. As a consequence of this degeneracy there is an amplification phenomenon: outgoing waves of amplitude $O(\eps^2)$ and wavelength $\eps$ give rise to reflected waves of amplitude $O(\eps)$, so the overall solution
more » ... overall solution has amplitude $O(\eps)$. Moreover, the reflecting waves emanate from a radiating wave that propagates in the boundary along a characteristic of the Lopatinskii determinant. An approximate solution that displays the qualitative behavior just described is constructed by solving suitable profile equations that exhibit a loss of derivatives, so we solve the profile equations by a Nash-Moser iteration. The exact solution is constructed by solving an associated singular problem involving singular derivatives of the form $\partial_{x'}+\beta\frac{\partial_{\theta_0}}{\eps}$, $x'$ being the tangential variables with respect to the boundary. Tame estimates for the linearization of that problem are proved using a first-order calculus of singular pseudodifferential operators constructed in the companion article \cite{CGW2}. These estimates exhibit a loss of one singular derivative and force us to construct the exact solution by a separate Nash-Moser iteration. The same estimates are used in the error analysis, which shows that the exact and approximate solutions are close in $L^\infty$ on a fixed time interval independent of the (small) wavelength $\eps$. The approach using singular systems allows us to avoid constructing high order expansions and making small divisor assumptions.
doi:10.2140/apde.2014.7.551 fatcat:7lktdtuyzfazxcflfvuaea3itm