Biopsias mamarias bajo resonancia magnética, experiencia preliminar

Marcela Uchida S, Flavia Pizzolon F, Miguel A Pinochet T, María Durán C, Cecilia Galleguillos P, Heriberto Wenzel K, Eleonora Horvarth P, Jocelyn Gálvez T
2014 Revista chilena de radiología  
Breast MRI is becoming a frequently used working tool in our environment. A group of lesions exist that can only be identified by this technique, "MRI only". Between 14-20 % of these will be malignant, according to various published series. Such lesions require biopsy guided under MRI. Patients and Methods: A descriptive retrospective review of vacuum-assisted biopsies was performed at our institution (period between August 2008 and June 2013). Results: 0.3 % (11) of the biopsies performed at
more » ... sies performed at our institution were done so under MRI, in 9 women. In 55% of the cases the resonance indication in which the biopsied lesion was detected, was newly diagnosed staging of breast cancer; in 100% of the cases a second-look ultrasound was performed, the lesions had an average size of 15 mm (4-29), 63.6% were nodules and the remainder other non-mass type deposits. The duration of the biopsy varied between 40 and 130 min, 27.2% were malignant lesions, 36.4 % high-risk lesions, and 36.4 % benign. In 45.5% the result of the biopsy performed under MRI changed the surgical procedure. Of the 7 operated lesions there was an underestimation in one case of ductal carcinoma in situ, which resulted being invasive ductal carcinoma. In the remainder, the surgical histology was identical to that of the biopsy performed under magnetic resonance. Conclusion: Biopsies performed under MRI are infrequent, they take considerable time, their histological correlation is very reliable and it changes the surgical procedure in almost half of the cases, which has implications in the prognosis of the patient.
doi:10.4067/s0717-93082014000100004 fatcat:456l65fzsreblgr3lks4rtpimi