Sensitivity Analysis of Minimum Spanning Trees in Sub-inverse-Ackermann Time [chapter]

Seth Pettie
2005 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
We present a deterministic algorithm for computing the sensitivity of a minimum spanning tree (MST) or shortest path tree in O(m log α(m, n)) time, where α is the inverse-Ackermann function. This improves upon a long standing bound of O(mα(m, n)) established by Tarjan. Our algorithms are based on an efficient split-findmin data structure, which maintains a collection of sequences of weighted elements that may be split into smaller subsequences. As far as we are aware, our split-findmin
more » ... is the first with superlinear but sub-inverse-Ackermann complexity. We also give a reduction from MST sensitivity to the MST problem itself. Together with the randomized linear time MST algorithm of Karger, Klein, and Tarjan, this gives another randomized linear time MST sensitivity algorithm.
doi:10.1007/11602613_96 fatcat:7nnugmbvdfbxzobwtwkb3wo3ju