Preoperative Aqueous Cytokine Levels are Associated With Endothelial Cell Loss After Descemet's Stripping Automated Endothelial Keratoplasty
Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science
Citation: Yazu H, Yamaguchi T, Aketa N, et al. Preoperative aqueous cytokine levels are associated with endothelial cell loss after Descemet's stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2018;59:612-620. https://doi.org/ 10.1167/iovs.17-23049 PURPOSE. To evaluate the association between endothelial cell density (ECD) after Descemet's stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK) and preoperative cytokine levels in the aqueous humor (AqH). METHODS. This
... ETHODS. This prospective consecutive case series included 97 consecutive patients who underwent DSAEK (64 eyes) or cataract surgery (33 eyes). AqH samples were collected at the beginning of each surgery. The levels of cytokines (IL-1a, IL-1b, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12p70, IL-13, IL-17A, IFN-a, IFN-c, monocyte chemotactic protein [MCP]-1, E-selectin, P-selectin, and soluble intercellular adhesion molecule [sICAM]-1) in the AqH were measured by multiplex beads immunoassay. The correlations between preoperative aqueous cytokine levels and the ECD at 12 months after DSAEK were analyzed. RESULTS. The ECD decreased from 2747 6 259 cells/mm 2 in the donor graft to 1235 6 607 cells/mm 2 at 12 months after DSAEK. In all subjects undergoing DSAEK, the postoperative ECD at 12 months was significantly correlated with the preoperative levels of MCP-1 (r ¼ À0.467, 95% confidence interval [CI]: À0.650 to À0.222, P ¼ 0.0003). In an analysis excluding Fuchs endothelial corneal dystrophy (11 eyes), the ECD at 12 months after DSAEK was significantly correlated with preoperative levels of IL-17A (r ¼ À0.635, 95% CI: À0.819 to À0.319, P ¼ 0.0004), MCP-1 (r ¼ À0.605, 95% CI: À0.779 to À0.345, P < 0.0001), IFN-c (r ¼ À0.633, 95% CI: À0.796 to À0.385, P < 0.0001), E-selectin (r ¼ À0.516, 95% CI: À0.756 to À0.276, P ¼ 0.0004), and sICAM-1 (r ¼ À0.537, 95% CI: À0.735 to À0.253, P ¼ 0.0005). CONCLUSIONS. Higher preoperative levels of IL-17A, MCP-1, IFN-c, E-selectin, and sICAM-1 in the AqH were associated with lower ECD after DSAEK for bullous keratopathy.