Long-term outcomes of complete vascular ring division in children: a 36-year experience from a single institution
Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
OBJECTIVES: Complete vascular rings are rare and cause tracheoesophageal compression. Following surgical division, some patients have persisting tracheomalacia. We aim to assess the long-term outcomes of complete vascular ring division. METHODS: All patients (n = 132) who underwent surgical division of a complete vascular ring between 1978 and 2014 were identified from the hospital database and retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: Complete vascular rings consisted of a double aortic arch (n =
... ortic arch (n = 80), right aortic arch with an aberrant subclavian artery and left ligamentum arteriosum (n = 50), right aortic arch with mirror image branching and left ligamentum arteriosum (n = 1), and a left aortic arch with right descending aorta and right ligamentum arteriosum (n = 1). Kommerell's diverticulum was identified in 10 patients. Preoperative tracheomalacia was identified via bronchoscopy in 25 patients. Concomitant tracheal reconstruction was not performed in any patient. Kommerell's diverticulum was resected in 1 patient. The hospital mortality rate was 1.5% (2/132). There were no late deaths. The overall survival rate was 98.3 ± 1.2% (95% CI: 93.4, 99.6) at 20 years. Postoperatively, persistent tracheal compression was reported in 3 patients, and tracheomalacia in 16 patients. The rate of freedom from reoperation was 88.6 ± 4.0% (95% CI: 77.9, 94.3) at 20 years. No patient required tracheal surgery during the follow-up period. Follow-up was 92% (121/132) complete, with a median follow-up of 11.4 years (range 44 days to 36 years). At the last follow-up, 7 patients had mild tracheomalacia. CONCLUSIONS: Outcomes of division of a complete vascular ring are excellent. Tracheomalacia often improves following division of the vascular ring. Respiratory symptoms following complete vascular ring division are uncommon.