Bacterial isolates from the Pediatric patients and its correlation with microbiological flora in tertiary care hospital

Parikh Yn, Kharadi, Nain, Kalathiya, Shah, Yogesh Parikh, Jaimin Kharadi, Nikhilesh Nain, Mitul Kalathiya, Zalak Shah, Head, Resident (+5 others)
2017 unpublished
isolates from the Pediatric patients and its correlation with microbiological flora in tertiary care hospital. IAIM, 2017; 4(1): 78-84. Abstract Background: Infection is a health hazard of great expense and significance affecting the final outcome of treatment. Hospital indoor air contains a diverse range of microbial population. Objective: To study microbiological organism and their antibiotic sensitivity isolated from patients' blood culture and to correlate this microorganism with pattern of
more » ... ism with pattern of microbiological flora in tertiary care hospital. Materials and methods: All the patients who fulfilled study criteria were subjected for blood culture analysis and prospectively observed for clinical conditions and there outcome. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was performed for all blood culture isolates. Case fatality study was a comparison between deaths in blood culture positive patients with reference to resistance to first line antibiotics. A comparison was made between the type of organism found in cultures of samples taken from patients and the type of organism obtained from sites near the patients during the same time interval. Results: out of 3144 sample sent for blood culture, 888 (28.2%) samples came out to be positive. most isolates of klebseilla, Acinobacter, and E. coli were resistant to ampicillin (97 to 98%), gentamycin (70 to 80%) and cephalosporins (65% to 100%). Most of the gram negative isolates were sensitive to levofloxacin and Piperacillin-tazobactam. Staphylococcus aureus were resistant to
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