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This white paper, submitted to the Heliophysics 2050 Workshop, discusses the solar flare gradual phase, setting out the questions that need addressing via a combination of theoretical, modelling, and observational research. In short, the flare gradual phase persists much longer than predicted so, by 2050, we must identify the characteristics of the significant energy deposition sustaining the gradual phase, and address the fundamental processes of turbulence and non-local heat flux.doi:10.5281/zenodo.4036973 fatcat:hrddgcynbbbppg45o7fzspmaou