Biography-Driven Strategies as the Great Equalizer: Universal Conditions that Promote K-12 Culturally Responsive Teaching
Journal of Curriculum and Instruction
The growing number of culturally and linguistically diverse (CLD) students entering our public school system demands a new pedagogical framework for teaching and learning. With its emphasis on all four dimensions of the CLD student biography (sociocultural, linguistic, cognitive, academic), biography-driven culturally responsive teaching (Herrera, 2010) addresses the limited attention currently devoted to second language learning issues in the literature and research related to culturally
... to culturally responsive pedagogy. This study investigates the use of biography-driven instructional (BDI) strategies by 58 general education teachers at the elementary and secondary levels with CLD students in their classrooms using the Biography-Driven Performance Rubric, which measures enactment of teaching standards and educational best practices. Findings indicate that the use of BDI strategies can facilitate the practical actualization of culturally responsive teaching. Findings also suggest that implementation of BDI strategies can help teachers overcome challenges that are unique to secondary settings as they accommodate the assets and needs of CLD learners. Perez, Holmes, Miller and Fanning 42 Melissa A. Holmes, M.S., is an instructor and program coordinator at the Center for Intercultural and Multilingual Advocacy (CIMA) in the College of Education at Kansas State University. Her research interests include biography-driven culturally responsive pedagogy in secondary and postsecondary settings, literacy instruction for adult second language learners, and the preparation of teacher candidates for success with diverse classroom populations.