Impact of Medium Cut-Off Dialyzers on Patient-Reported Outcomes: COREXH Registry

Juan Carlos Alarcon, Alfonso Bunch, Freddy Ardila, Eduardo Zuñiga, Jasmin I. Vesga, Angela Rivera, Ricardo Sánchez, Rafael Mauricio Sanabria, on behalf of the Colombian Registry of Expanded Hemodialysis Investigators
2020 Blood Purification  
<b><i>Introduction:</i></b> A new generation of hemodialysis (HD) membranes called medium cut-off (MCO) membranes possesses enhanced capacities for middle molecule clearance, which have been associated with adverse outcomes in this population. These improvements could potentially positively impact patient-reported outcomes (PROs). <b><i>Objective:</i></b> The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of MCO membranes on PROs in a cohort of HD patients in Colombia.
more » ... ><i>Methods:</i></b> This was a prospective, multicenter, observational cohort study of 992 patients from 12 renal clinics in Colombia who were switched from high-flux HD to MCO therapy and observed for 12 months. Changes in Kidney Disease Quality of Life 36-Item Short Form Survey (KDQoL-SF36) domains, Dialysis Symptom Index (DSI), and restless legs syndrome (RLS) 12 months after switching to MCO membranes were compared with time on high-flux membranes. Repeated measures of ANOVA were used to evaluate changes in KDQoL-SF36 scores; severity scoring was used to assess DSI changes over time; Cochran's Q test was used to evaluate changes in frequency of diagnostic criteria of RLS. <b><i>Results:</i></b> During 12 months of follow-up, 3 of 5 KDQoL-SF36 domains improved compared with baseline: symptoms (<i>p</i> &#x3c; 0.0001), effects of kidney disease (<i>p</i> &#x3c; 0.0001), and burden of kidney disease (<i>p</i> &#x3c; 0.001). The proportion of patients diagnosed with RLS significantly decreased from 22.1% at baseline to 10% at 12 months (<i>p</i> &#x3c; 0.0001). No significant differences in the number of symptoms (DSI, <i>p =</i> 0.1) were observed, although their severity decreased (<i>p</i> = 0.009). <b><i>Conclusions:</i></b> In conventional HD patients, the expanded clearance of large middle molecules with MCO-HD membranes was associated with higher health-related quality of life scores and a decrease in the prevalence of RLS.
doi:10.1159/000508803 pmid:33176299 fatcat:xrizjmpcojb27gy2ej4vbzixxa