Split-Morphology And Lexicalist Morphosyntax: The Case Of Transpositions [chapter]

Andrew Spencer
2017 Zenodo  
One of Anderson's many contributions to morphological theory is the claim that morphology is split between syntactically mediated inflection and lexically mediated derivation. In Minimalist morphosyntax all morphology is syntax. This means that the split morphology proposal is not meaningful for that model. In lexicalist models, however, the split morphology hypothesis manifests itself as a distinction between direct accessibility to syntactic representations (inflection proper) and lack of
more » ... er) and lack of accessibility. However, there are construction types which bring the inflection-derivation distinction into question. One of these is the transposition, as illustrated by the ubiquitous deverbal participle. This is a mixed category, being at once a form of a verb yet having the external syntax of an adjective. It is thus unclear which side of the split participles fall. Similarly, participles seem to be an embarrassment for the Word-and-Paradigm models of inflection which have become dominant since Anderson first introduced them to contemporary theorizing. This is because they seem to require us to define a 'paradigm-within-a-paradigm' (or 'quasi-lexeme-within-a-lexeme'). I provide an analysis of Russian participles within Stump's PFM2 model, deploying the model of lexical representation developed in Spencer (2013), which fractionates representations into more finely grained subcategories than is usual. I take a participle to be the adjectival representation of a verb, coded directly by means of a set-valued feature, REPR. I show how a set of rules can be written which will define the adjectival paradigm as a set of forms belonging to the overall paradigm of the original verb lexeme. The rules define a partially underspecified lexical entry for the participle ('quasi-lexeme'), which has essentially the same shape as the lexical entry for an (uninflected) simplex adjective. Thus, the participle's lexical entry is that of an adjective, just as though we were dealing with derivation, but it realizes the verbal properties of [...]
doi:10.5281/zenodo.495456 fatcat:f6kuhshvefh6tiiq5j5jqhfd6m