Efficacy of Percutaneous Transforaminal Endoscopic Discectomy Unilateral and Bilateral Approach for Bilateral Decompression in Treatment of Degenerative Lumbar Spinal Stenosis and Their Effects on Quality of Life [post]

Xianbin Cai, Haibin Lin, Xuanhuang Chen, Hanhua Cai, Feng Zheng, Changfu Wu
2021 unpublished
This study aimed to explore the efficacy of percutaneous transforaminal endoscopic discectomy (PTED) unilateral and bilateral approach for bilateral decompression in the treatment of degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis (DLSS) and their effects on quality of life. Altogether 119 patients with DLSS admitted to our hospital from May 2012 to February 2014 were enrolled in this study. Patients in Group A (62 cases) were treated with PTED bilateral approach for bilateral decompression, while those in
more » ... ion, while those in Group B (57 cases) were treated with PTED unilateral approach for bilateral decompression. The therapeutic effect and incidence of complications in the two groups were observed. Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) was used to assess the pain degree of the lower limbs. Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) was used to assess the improvement of neurological function. 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) developed by the Institute of Medicine was used to assess the quality of life. There were no significant differences between Group A and Group B in operative time, intraoperative blood loss, hospitalization time, the effective rate of treatment, and the incidence of complications (P>0.05). The recovery time of lumbar function in Group A was significantly shorter than that in Group B (P<0.01). VAS and ODI scores at 1, 3, and 6 months after operation in Group A were significantly lower than those in Group B (P<0.05). The scores of general health (GH), bodily pain (BP), social function (SF), vitality (VT), and mental health (MH) at 6 months after operation in Group A were significantly higher than those in Group B (P<0.05). In conclusion, PTED bilateral approach for bilateral decompression was effective in the treatment of patients with DLSS. It can promote the recovery of their lumbar function and neurological function, and improve their quality of life.
doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-191176/v1 fatcat:jsgmati5mff7de4spodjjqbioa