Highly anisotropic superconducting gaps and possible evidence of antiferromagnetic order in FeSe single crystals

Guan-Yu Chen, Xiyu Zhu, Huan Yang, Hai-Hu Wen
2017 Physical review B  
Specific heat has been measured in FeSe single crystals down to 0.414 K under magnetic fields up to 16 T. A sharp specific heat anomaly at about 8.2 K is observed and is related to the superconducting transition. Another jump of specific heat is observed at about 1.08 K which may either reflect an antiferromagnetic transition of the system or a superconducting transition arising from Al impurity. We would argue that this anomaly in low temperature region may be the long sought antiferromagnetic
more » ... transition in FeSe. Global fitting in wide temperature region shows that the models with a single contribution with isotropic s-wave, anisotropic s-wave, and d-wave gap all do not work well, nor the two isotropic s-wave gaps. We then fit the data by a model with two components in which one has the gap function of Δ_0(1+α cos2θ). To have a good global fitting and the entropy conservation for the low temperature transition, we reach a conclusion that the gap minimum should be smaller than 0.15 meV (α = 0.9 to 1), indicating that the superconducting gap(s) are highly anisotropic. Our results are very consistent with the gap structure derived recently from the scanning tunneling spectroscopy measurements and yield specific heat contributions of about 32% weight from the hole pocket and 68% from the electron pockets.
doi:10.1103/physrevb.96.064524 fatcat:pm62q4ct7bautngzqwdqweg7nu