Extraction of Inulin from Andean Plants: An Approach to Non-Traditional Crops of Ecuador

Freddy R. Escobar-Ledesma, Vanessa E. Sánchez-Moreno, Edwin Vera, Valerian Ciobotă, Paul Vargas Jentzsch, Lorena I. Jaramillo
2020 Molecules  
Inulin is a polysaccharide of fructose widely used in the food and pharmaceutical industry due to its physicochemical properties and technological applications. Inulin from jicama (Smallanthus sonchifolius) and cabuya (Agave americana) was obtained. The steps for inulin obtention were: raw material preparation, extraction and purification. The extraction conditions were determined using a random design with three levels of stirring speed (0, 130 and 300 rpm), and a 32 factorial experimental
more » ... al experimental design with three levels of temperature (40, 60 and 80 °C) and solid:liquid ratio (1:2, 1:3 and 1:5 S:L). The results showed that the best extractions conditions for jicama were 130 rpm, 75 °C, 1:5 S:L and 25 min; while for cabuya were 80 °C, 300 rpm, 1:5 S-L and 100 min. The weight average molecular weight of inulin from jicama and cabuya were 5799.9 and 4659.75 g/mol, respectively. The identity of the obtained inulin from jicama and cabuya were confirmed by infrared (IR) and Raman spectroscopy. In addition, scanning electron microscopy, differential scanning calorimetry and thermogravimetry analyses were performed to characterize both inulins.
doi:10.3390/molecules25215067 pmid:33139590 fatcat:spqk4rpol5ecrjyktlryd7nyga