Vaginal fibrosarcoma in cow (A case report)

H Hamali, Ashrafihelan, H Hamali
2010 International Journal of Veterinary Research   unpublished
A five-year-old Holstein cow with a history of vaginal prolapse was admitted to the Large Animal Clinic, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tabriz. According to the owner, she had a 5-month history of vaginal prolapse and frequent sanguineous discharge from the vagina. Appetite was normal and its last parturition was two months ago. Clinical examination revealed a tumor like mass that attached to the vaginal roof and partly protruded through the vagina without any vaginal prolapse.
more » ... ter epidural anesthesia, the mass was surgically removed with some of the surrounding tissue. The dimensions of the mass were 5.2 × 4 × 3.4 cm. Macroscopically, it was relatively well circumscribed with a lobulated and ulcerated surface. In cut section, the mass was homogenously creamy in color. There were no foci of necrosis or hemorrhage. Microscopically, the growth was composed of spindle-shaped fibroblastic type tumor cells that formed interlacing and intersecting bundles. The neoplastic cells showed pleomorphism, karyomegaly and slight nuclear hyperchromatism. The mitotic index was less than five. Based on the site, biological behavior, immunohistochemistry results, macroscopic and microscopic characteristics, the mass was diagnosed as a well-differentiated fibrosarcoma. This is the first report of cow vaginal fibrosarcoma from Iran.