CRITERIA FOR CHOOSING VEHICLES FOR TRANSPORTATION
Komunalʹne Gospodarstvo Mìst
The choice of vehicles to fulfill the transport task set by the manufacturer is a rather complex process that requires detailed analysis. First of all, the evaluation criteria of motor vehicles, which can be classified depending on the tasks to be solved, play an important role. The main areas of analysis when planning the company's cargo transportation task are the analysis of transportation conditions, the analysis of the amount of cargo, the choice of the route of movement and the
... of the rolling stock. In general, the above-mentioned directions must meet the quality characteristics of transportation, namely: the minimum time of cargo delivery, the reliability of transportation - minimizing the risks of untimely delivery of cargo, the maximum possibility of carrying capacity of vehicles, the possibility of transporting cargo at any moment of time, regardless of weather, space and time characteristics, minimization of cargo losses during the process of its transportation, and others. In the methodology discussed in this article, the criteria cover a significant amount of indicators that characterize a motor vehicle from the point of view of consumer and technical-operational properties. However, this assessment model requires a sufficiently complex mathematical apparatus, the development of specific classifications of technical and operational properties that affect the final quality criterion, and at the same time there are difficulties with subjective assessments of consumer properties, since their determination requires the involvement of specialists. Thus, the evaluation of motor vehicles by the above methods requires a more in-depth study of the economic and financial component of the operation of the rolling stock, its productivity and the cost of the transportation process. Analyzing the considered methods and criteria used in this case, it is possible to conclude that "technical and operational indicators of transportation" do not provide an opportunity to comprehensively evaluate the efficiency of the use of specific vehicles of the production enterprise; "stated specific costs of transportation" do not provide an opportunity to assess the efficiency of the use of rolling stock at a specific production enterprise and others. Keywords: rolling stock, motor vehicles, cargo transportation, vehicle selection criteria, technical and operational properties, technical and economic evaluation.