TIMEA: Time-triggered message-based multicore architecture for AUTOSAR

Moisés Ignacio Urbina Fuentes, Universitätsbibliothek Siegen
2021
Multi-Processors System-on-a-Chips (MPSoCs) are becoming a preferred option for the development of embedded system applications. They provide the possibility to execute different software components in parallel on different cores. In the last years several MPSoC architectures have been developed for specific application domains (e.g., by intel, powerpc, etc). However, commercial MPSoCs are the cause of major concern to certification authorities. The paradigm of message-based Networks-on-a-Chip
more » ... Networks-on-a-Chip (NoC) with support for time-triggered communication provides significant advantages with respect to temporal predictability, fault isolation and energy efficiency in comparison to the common shared memory approaches implemented for the development of multicore systems. Therefore predictable multicore platforms (e.g., COMPSOC, GENESYS MPSoC) provide message-based on-chip networks as a solution. At present, in the automotive domain, multicore processors are deployed that use the paradigm of shared memory for the interaction between the cores. The AUTOSAR (Automotive Open System Architecture) standard introduces a multicore version of its Electronic Control Unit (ECU) software architecture since the version 4, defining a multicore operating system that controls the execution of AUTOSAR Software Components (SWCs) allocated to different cores with a shared memory for the inter-core communication. However, AUTOSAR does not provide any approach for the mapping of its ECU software architecture to a NoC-based MPSoC. In order to combine the benefits of NoC-based MPSoCs with the AUTOSAR standard, this dissertation presents a novel system architecture which maps the AUTOSAR single-core ECU software architecture to a message-based multicore platform. The so-called TIMEA (TIme-triggered MEssage-based multicore platform for AUTOSAR) defines a message-based NoC as the only physical medium for the communication between the cores and introduces autonomous application cores which function as AUTOSAR Micro-ECUs (μECUs) on the MPSoC. Each μECU [...]
doi:10.25819/ubsi/7652 fatcat:q43teowhizaalaegzyp52tloty