A new putative fimbrial colonization factor, CS19, of human enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli

H M Grewal, H Valvatne, M K Bhan, L van Dijk, W Gaastra, H Sommerfelt
1997 Infection and Immunity  
A gene probe derived from the colonization factor antigen I (CFA/I) operon cross-hybridized at very low stringency to plasmid DNA from coli surface antigen 17 (CS17)-producing enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) and from the ETEC strain F595C, which was negative for previously described CFAs, CSs, and putative colonization factors (PCFs). A 16-kDa protein was identified in sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of heat extracts prepared after growth of strain F595C at
more » ... on CFA agar containing bile salts. Transmission electron microscopy revealed bile salt-and temperature-dependent expression of fimbriae with a diameter of 7 nm. After transformation with a recombinant plasmid harboring the cfaR gene, which encodes a positive regulator of several CFAs, PCFs, and CSs, the 16-kDa protein was hyperexpressed. Polyclonal antibodies raised against this protein bound to the fimbriae and inhibited the adhesion of F595C bacteria to tissue-cultured Caco-2 cells. Nucleotide sequence determination of the gene encoding the 16-kDa fimbrial subunit revealed a high degree of amino acid sequence homology to the CFA/I, CS1, CS2, CS4, CS14, and CS17 polypeptides. The term CS19 is proposed for the new fimbria.
doi:10.1128/iai.65.2.507-513.1997 fatcat:mewaijqemzf55laxm5vcwijzcy