From multiscale modeling to metamodeling of geomechanics problems

Kun Wang
In numerical simulations of geomechanics problems, a grand challenge consists of overcoming the difficulties in making accurate and robust predictions by revealing the true mechanisms in particle interactions, fluid flow inside pore spaces, and hydromechanical coupling effect between the solid and fluid constituents, from microscale to mesoscale, and to macroscale. While simulation tools incorporating subscale physics can provide detailed insights and accurate material properties to macroscale
more » ... imulations via computational homogenizations, these numerical simulations are often too computational demanding to be directly used across multiple scales. Recent breakthroughs of Artificial Intelligence (AI) via machine learning have great potential to overcome these barriers, as evidenced by their great success in many applications such as image recognition, natural language processing, and strategy exploration in games. The AI can achieve super-human performance level in a large number of applications, and accomplish tasks that were thought to be not feasible due to the limitations of human and previous computer algorithms. Yet, machine learning approaches can also suffer from overfitting, lack of interpretability, and lack of reliability. Thus the application of machine learning into generation of accurate and reliable surrogate constitutive models for geomaterials with multiscale and multiphysics is not trivial. For this purpose, we propose to establish an integrated modeling process for automatic designing, training, validating, and falsifying of constitutive models, or "metamodeling". This dissertation focuses on our efforts in laying down step-by-step the necessary theoretical and technical foundations for the multiscale metamodeling framework. The first step is to develop multiscale hydromechanical homogenization frameworks for both bulk granular materials and granular interfaces, with their behaviors homogenized from subscale microstructural simulations. For efficient simulations of field-scale geomechanics probl [...]
doi:10.7916/d8-v19n-d734 fatcat:a7szhvhyyrbnfj2g5vyx57s2qu